List of Villages in District Gujrat Pakistan
Gujrat (Urdu: ضِلع گُجرات), is a district of Punjab Province in Pakistan. It is an ancient district located in between two famous rivers, the Jhelum and Chenab. Because of its proximity with the rivers the land is good for cultivation with rice and sugar cane as main crops. It is bounded on the northeast by Mirpur, on the northwest by the River Jhelum which separates it from Jhelum District, on the east and southeast by the Chenab River, separating it from the districts of Gujranwala and Sialkot, and on the West by Mandi Bahauddin. District Gujrat is spread over an area of 3,192 square kilometres, and is divided into three tehsils, Gujrat, Kharian, and Sarai Alamgir.
There are many historic villages and towns in the district such as Jalalpur Jattan, Chakdina, Karnana, Kunjah and Lalamusa.
Jalalpur Jattan is a town located in Gujrat District, Punjab, Pakistan, about 20km distance from Kashmir. It is located at 32°38’0N 74°12’0E with an altitude of 232 metres (764 feet). The city was founded by a Jat named Jalal ,a place in Jalalpur Jattan was built by Chandragupta Maurya, in 300 BC. Excavations in the area revealed that Kulla Chor was the mint of the Maurya Dynasty.
A local historian, Mansoor Behzad believed that Chandragupta had built a fort in Islam Garh, a suburban village of Jalalpur Jattan. The original name of the village could not be ascertained but the fort became famous as Islam Garh Fort with the passage of time. Only some deteriorated remains of the fort exists today. Later, the fort had been the mint of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, of Lahore, in 1832
Jalalpur Jattan is head office of the Sadar Circle Gujrat.
The town is also known for the darbar and shrine of spiritual Leader Baba Sulmir.
The town has moderate climate. During the peak of summer, the daytime temperature shoots up to 45°C, but the hot spells are relatively short due to the proximity of the Azad Kashmir Mountains. During the winter, the minimum temperature may fall below 2°C. The average rainfall at Jalalpur Jattan is 67 cm.
Chakdina or Dinachak is a village in Kharian Tehsil of Gujrat District, Punjab, Pakistan. It is situated at about five km westwards from the town of Lalamusa.
Chakdina is situated in the Ganja Union Council. Other villages in this Union Council are Ganja, Chak Ikhlas, Hail, Mughli, Dhalla, Chak Rajjadi, Jataria Khurd, Jataria Kalan, Chatta and Sarwani.
The name Chakdina is combination of words ‘Chak’ meaning village and ‘Dina’ meaning of Allahdin. The first inhabitant of the village Chaudhry Allahdin was nicknamed Dina hence Chakdina became the name of the village. There are other villages in the union council which have names of the same pattern like Chak Ikhlas and Chak Rajjadi.
Many people still refer to the old name of the village which was Dinachak. It was founded in eighteenth century by Chaudhry Allahdin, a direct descendant of Raja Jaipal at the site of Shahpur, a deserted village.
British India (BI) Steam Navigation Company (registeed in 1856 as the Calcutta & Burmah Steam Navigation Company and got new name in 1862) borrowed the name Chakdina from this village to name two of its ships. Chakdina (1) built in 1914 was bombed and sunk in Mediterranean in 1941. Chakdina (2) built in 1951 was transferred to Peninsular and Oriental (P&O) Steam Navigation Company in 1973, in 1975 it was renamed Strathlairg and it was scrapped in Taiwan in 1977.
The total agricultural land of the village is 1,350 acres (5.5 km2). In 1966, after the Mangla Dam was built, some people from Mirpur (Azad Jammu and Kashmir) migrated to the village and inhabited a new locality namely ‘Chak Fazal Shah’ within the revenue limits of Chakdina. They also purchased some agricultural land from the people of Chakdina. In exchange for some land, they helped its owners to send their sons to England for job. As such five boys of the village were sent to England who later settled there. Some overseas workers belonging to this village have also settled in other European countries such as Norway, Italy, France, Spain and Portugal and in North America.
Presently, most of the current population of the village, traces its descent from Chaudhry Allahdin who belonged to the Kundowana sub-caste of the Gujjars. However, the village also has other sub-castes of Gujjars like Porr, Machiwal etc. The village also has Syed and Kashmiri families.
The village has middle schools for girls and boys.
There are tombs of Sain Khaki Shah and Sain Bahawal Sher in the village.
One of the famous bazaars in the town of Lalamusa is named after Chakdina and is called Bazaar Dinaychakian. Dinaychakian means, in Punjabi, the people of Dinachak. This bazaar was inhabited by Bagh Sha, a Hindu who migrated from Chakdina to Lalamusa in 1929. The first building in the bazaar was Haveli Bagh Sha. Some parts of this building are still present in original form.
Karnana is a Town and Union Council of Gujrat District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.It is located at 32°40’0N 73°52’0E and has an altitude of 233 metres (767 feet).
Kunjah (Urdu/Punjabi: کنجاہ ) is a small town in Pakistan located in Gujrat District in the Punjab Province, the inhabitants are called Kunjahi.
Various accounts date the founding of Kunjah anywhere from the 4th century BCE during the time of Alexander the Great to the 8th century CE. Kunjah is named after a raja named Kunjpal who is also often credited to be the founder of the town. Islam was brought to the region by the Umayyad Caliphate early in the 8th century and soon replaced Buddhism as the dominant religion. Kunjah grew in prominence in the 9th and 10th centuries.
Starting during the Muslim period, Kunjah was considered a strategically important town. Ibrahim Bin Masood used Kunjah as his main base for his attack on neighboring districts. In the Mughal period, King Aurangzeb Alamgir also visited Kunjah, and during his stay in Kunjah he built a mosque that is now named after him.
Kunjah prospered during the time of the Sikh Empire. In that period the town was home to a number of gardens, two royal palaces and a royal bathing pool connected by underground tunnels, and a baradari that still stands today.There are many kinds of families specially Arians ( both local and muhajirs), Kashmiri ,Korotana, Wraich, Gondal, Khokhar.
Kunjah Street Map in 2007.
According to 1998 Population and Housing Census, population was estimated to be 30,000 but now it is estimated to be 35,000, with about 4500 households. The main religion is Sunni Islam, with a small Shi’a and Ahmadiyya minority and a few Christians. There are about 50 mosques.Many residents live abroad, mainly in UK,l Italy, Spain and Greece.
Politics and government
Kunjah lies in the NA 105 Gujrat-II halqa of Punjab for the national assembly elections. Chaudhry Perwaiz Elahi, has been elected for national assembly seat. Aside from the local government and a regional police station, a police post in the centre of the city the national government is represented by a military signals station and a WAPDA subdivision.
The government operates seven schools: two primary schools for boys, two high schools for girls and one for boys, a boys higher secondary school and a girls inter-college. There are about 25 private schools. Mainly are Allied , Educator, progressive, zaryab , alfalah , skyway ,and Ghazali School.
Most economic activity revolves around agriculture. The primary crops are wheat, rice, tobacco and vegetables. Farms are supplied with irrigation from the Upper Jehlum Canal, and tobacco production is supported by two tobacco factories and a research substation. The main bazaar is a regional trade centre consisting of 500 shops.
People of Kunjah believed that The famous Sohni among the Sohni Mahiwal folklore came from Kunjah but the intellectual Dr. Qureshi Ahmad Hussain Qiladari had other ideas and he contradicted from this myth. For now Kunjah has a modest type of culture i.e. it is semi-urban type. Both men and women wear shalwar qameez.
Fairs and festivals
An annual fair is held in Kunjah on 4 August. It is held at the shrine of a cleric Shah Shujah Bukhari so it is also known to be an urs. Other festivals are also held but they are losing their touch nowadays due to the busy lives of the modern days and children getting more interested in the TV films and Computer Games rather than the oldies.
Cricket like all the other parts of the country is the game of choice for majority. Along with cricket, indoor games like snooker and billiard are also played. Some other games like chess, badminton and football are also played seasonally.Volleyball is being played in adjacent Villages.
Only road transport is available. There is no railway station. The transport is available only in form of wagons and buses. Along with these the cars are available as taxis. The transport is available for Gujrat city and to other small towns surrounding Kunjah.
Notable people from Kunjah
- Major Shabbir Sharif Shaheed, holder of the Nishan-e-Haider, Pakistan’s highest military award for bravery.
A town of the Poets Kunjah have produced a number of (Shair’s or) poets. The major and most of famous among them are:
- Ghaneemat Kunjahi. Muhammad Akram Ghaneemat Kunjahi better known as Ghaneemat Kunjahi writer of Nairang e Ishq; One of the greatest Persian poet history has ever produced. He wrote the famous Persian masnavi in 1685 He was born and buried in Kunjah
- L.Generl Raheel Shareef. Raheel Shareef is the brother of Major Shabir Shareef Sheed Nishan e Haider. Raheel Shareef is now the Chief of the Army Staff of Pakistan.
- Shareef Kunjahi, (1915–2007) was one of the leading writers and poets of Punjabi language. He was among the first faculty members of the Department of Punjabi Language
University of Punjab in 1970s and contributed to Punjabi literature as a poet, prose writer, teacher, research scholar, linguist.
- Yawar Abbas Yawar Abbas is a well-known journalist of kunjah. Ex president kunjah press club, principal Skyway Model School Kunjah, Chief Editor Weekly Kunjah Times and Ex candidate PP110.
- Mir Mohammad Aslam Mir Mohammad aslam is very famous personality of Kunjah.He is retired Principal from govt. Public Higher Secondary School Kunjah.He Studied Double M.A (urdu & persian).He Belongs to Tablighi Jamat. He traveled all over pakistan For Preaching Deen(Tabligh).He also Traveled Switzerland For Tabligh.Now a Days He is living home and writing poetry.Monthly Dawat-e-ilallah is publishing his poetry.
- Mir Abdul Wahid Mir Abdul Wahid is son of Mir mohammad Aslam.He is doing business of Rice Trading.Meer Rice Trading is his company.He is Hafiz-e-Quran and have good relation with the society.He is very good person and social worker.
E-paper www.apnakunjah.net Weekly newspaper Fakhar-e-Najeeb-ul-Sultan is very famous in print media.www.fewfriend.com
Lalamusa (Urdu: لالہ موسیٰ ) is city in Gujrat District, Punjab province of Pakistan.
It is located 143 kilometres (89 mi) away from Islamabad and 139 kilometres (86 mi) away from Lahore. It is midway city between Lahore and Islamabad on Grand Trunck Road. Postal code of Lalamusa is 50200. The neighboring towns are Gujrat, Kharian and Karnana.
In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab.
After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Mansehra District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Mansehra District increased in population and importance.
The city was named after a person named Musa, (the word Lala means “elder brother”). People of Lalamusa have rich history.Till 1880, Lalamusa was a village only, now called Purana [old]Lalamusa. Other nearby villages were Kotla Qasim, Khawas Pur Miana Chack and Budo Kalas Kazian,Kulewal, Gakhri,Miana Chak,ETC,. In 1887,British government of India constructed a beautiful railway junction at a deserted area but this installation played a key role in the development of this region. Several English families settled in railway colony Lalamusa. We can still find an old English graveyard near railway station of Lalamusa.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Mansehra District. People of Lalamusa are right to be proud of welcoming the Muslim refugees from Indian side. Hospitality of Lalamusains is excellent. They are now the back bone of Lalamusa.
After independence, villages like Saida Gol, Dhama,Kaira, Verowal, Khawas Pur, Kazian,Budo Kalas and some others became part of Lalamusa City. Dozens of villages and towns are directly linked with Lalamusa. Bhimbher Stream flows in the north of Lalamusa.
Lala Musa was a historical town before independence but now it has become a city of about 300,000 people. People of Lalamusa are known to be very hardworking and intelligent. A lot of people are working overseas and many of them have settled abroad with their families. Kaira family and Sadat family are main political actors of this city. But in elections of 2013 both have lost their position. Chaudry Jaffer Iqbal (Fateh Bhand) and Ashraf Deona have become national and provincial representatives in respective assemblies.
Lalamusa Junction Railway station
The main railway line of Pakistan Railways passes through Lalamusa, linking Islamabad, Peshawar, Lahore and Karachi. Lalamusa railway station is the junction for Lalamusa-Shorkot branch railway line which passes through Mandi Bahauddin, Malakwal, Sargodha and Jhang. The Lalamusa–Dinga Talhah road passes through Jaura Karnana. The Lahore–Islamabad GT Road also passes through Lalamusa.Lalamusa is directly linked with district Gujrat and Tehsil Kharian.Lalamusa is linked with Azad Jamun and Kashmir by Defence road via Kotla to Bhimber. Another road links lalamusa with Dinga. A couple of years ago, Lalamusa was linked by road of a standard highway from Ganja to Sarghodha road. Bhimber stream is in north of Lalamusa.
Lalamusa has the following educational institutions:
- Government Islamia High School Lalamusa
- Government College For Elementary Teacher
- Government College for Elementary Teachers (women)
- Government I.D Janjua Girls Degree College
- Government Kotla Boys Degree College
- Local Government Training Academy
- New Angelo School
- Government high schools are Model School, Pakistan High School, Ghosia School, M.B Girls High School, Shamim Girls and Sir Syed Girls High School.
- Kinza Higher Secondary School(First English Medium School of Lalamusa)
- SM College of IT, Naved-e-Sehar School, Link School, Kinza School, Allied School, Dar-e-Arkam School, The Educators, Alghazali School, City Public School,and College, Kinza School, The little angels school are some private schools in Lalamusa.
Notable People from Lalamusa
- Alam Lohar
- Arif Lohar
- Mian Muhammad Afzal Hayat
- Qamar Zaman Kaira
- Javed Chaudhry
- Roshan Ara Begum